Multiple Intelligences Theory,
Independent Language Learning
and the Internet

Andy Morrall

The Hong Kong Polytechnic University

Were you ever bored at school?



Do you think kids like to:

How do kids learn about dinosaurs?

Interest and Motivation

My Problem

Multiple Intelligences Theory

MI Theory - Background

The Eight Intelligences


  • potential isolation by brain damage
  • the existence or savants, prodigies and other exceptional individuals
  • an identifiable core operation or set of operations
  • a distinctive development history
  • an evolutionary history
  • support from experimental psychological tasks
  • support from psychometric findings
  • susceptibility to encoding in a symbol system  ;-)


Examples 2

4 Key Points

Intelligences, not Learning Styles

photo Charles Darwin as an ape, 1871. Image in the public domain. Source: Wikimedia commons.

Independent Learning - Definition

Levels of independence

Nunan's (1997) model 'Autonomy: levels of implementation.'
  1. Awareness - learners identify their strategies and styles
  2. Involvement - learners make choices
  3. Intervention - learners modify or adapt tasks
  4. Creation - learners create their own tasks
  5. Transcendence - learners become teachers and researchers

My problem re-visited

Research Question

Survey Participant Profile


Conclusion 1

Conclusion 2


Application - Report Writing (MI)

Report Writing 2 (MI)

See how we treat Bears

Bibliography 1

Bibliography 2

Sites - Linguistic & Logical / Maths

Sites - Musical & Bodily-kinesthetic

Sites - Visual, inter- & intra-personal

Sites - All the Intelligences