Academic essays should be written in a formal, academic style. This style includes:
Employing tentative rather than assertive language. Do this by:
Using formal vocabulary e.g. discuss rather than talk about. One way to do this is by replacing phrasal verbs with more formal ones.
Avoiding the use of personal pronouns such as you and we to address the reader
Avoiding short, disconnected sentences
Avoiding the use of rhetorical questions such as “Did you know that spoken and written language are very different?”
Avoiding the use of contractions such as won’t, didn’t, we’ll
Avoiding the overuse and misuse of certain logical connectors, especially besides, furthermore and moreover. Besides is too informal, and both furthermore and moreover mean that the following information is more important than the information before, which is usually bad organisation. Use In addition or Also instead
Ensuring that grammar is accurate, that ideas link together smoothly and that a full range of grammatical structures is employed, such as relative clauses
Referencing correctly, in both in-text references and bibliographical references.
Correct the following sentences to make them more academic. You can check
the answer after each question, or, after you finish them, you can click the
'Check All Answers' button to see the answers and feedback.
Last updated on 14 November 2003.
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