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Learning Outcomes

By the end of VOCABULARY LEVEL 2 you should be able to
✔ study vocabulary independently
✔ use different strategies to expand and record vocabulary

Introduction to Independent Learning

Independent learning gives you more choice about what, when and how fast to study. It also prepares you to learn after complete full time education.

In order to study independently you need to be able to set your own aims, choose how you want to study and reflect on the usefulness of studying that you do and on your overall progress.

Since you have chosen to study VOCABULARY LEVEL 2, we can assume that you want to learn more about how to expand and remember words more effectively. The online activities are designed to help you to develop and build the bank of words and expressions that you have at your disposal.

Activity 1 Activity 2 Rating Form

Package 4 – Word roots

Many academic words in English are formed using ancient Greek and Latin roots. You may have already learnt some of them. Mastering the meanings of these commonly used “word-parts” will help you work out and remember the meaning of unfamiliar words when you see them in context.

Roots can be at the beginning, in the middle or at the end of a word.

Activity 1       Roots and their meanings

These tables contain English roots of Latin and Greek origin. This activity is designed to assess your knowledge of roots. Try to complete the tables by typing the roots or meanings in the spaces provided.

Latin derivations

  1. example root meaning
    audience, audible aud Ans: aud hear
    concede, precede cede move, go Ans: move, go
    education, conduct duc/duct lead Ans: lead
    portable, transport port Ans: port carry
    spectator, spectacle spect Ans: spect look
    convert, revert vert turn Ans: turn
    visual, visible vis see Ans: see
    decapitate, capital cap Ans: cap head
    adequate, equivalent equ equal Ans: equal
    abbreviation, brevity brev Ans: brev short
    colloquial, eloquent loqu speak Ans: speak
    mortal, post-mortem mort Ans: mort die
    bankrupt, rupture rupt Ans: rupt broken
    Once you have finished, click on the Check button below and your results will be displayed.

Greek derivations

  1. example root meaning
    autonomy, automatic auto self Ans: self
    biodegradable, biology bio Ans: bio life
    chronological, chronicle chron time Ans: time
    apathetic, sympathy path feeling Ans: feeling
    claustrophobia, hydrophobia phobia Ans: phobia fear
    symphony, phonic phon Ans: phon sound
    philosophy, sophisticated soph wisdom Ans: wisdom
    pseudonym, pseudo-science pseudo false Ans: false
    orthodox, orthopaedic ortho Ans: ortho straight
    bibliophile, bibliography biblio book Ans: book
    democracy, demography demo Ans: demo people
    Once you have finished, click on the Check button below and your results will be displayed.

Activity 2         Inferring meaning

One of the most effective ways of working out the meaning of new or unfamiliar words is to study its contexts. This activity helps you to practise how to do that.

Read the article “Mooncakes in moderation” and then complete the table. You may use a dictionary if you wish. Fill in the column ‘Context sentence’, which may help you to work out not only the definition of the word but also the meaning of the underlined word part. The first one has been done for you.

Mooncakes in moderation

Mooncakes are an essential part of the Mid-Autumn Festival celebrations in Hong Kong, though indulging in them has never been advocated by dieticians.

A 185 gram mooncake is a dense concoction of ingredients including lotus paste, egg yolks, fat and sugar and contains 840 calories. This is the equivalent of 3.5 bowls of rice, 18 teaspoons of sugar or 10 teaspoons of oil. Two salted egg yolks contain 1,238 milligrams of cholesterol, four times the American Heart Association’s suggested daily intake for an adult.

The Department of Health advises people to eat mooncakes “in moderation”. “People in good health should eat no more than half a mooncake a day. For people suffering from chronic illnesses, especially those with high cholesterol levels, hypertension and diabetes, mooncakes should be avoided,” according to a department spokesman. Some bakers have introduced a low-fat version of these local delicacies for the health conscious traditionalists who want to jui yuet or “chase the moon”.

Unfortunately, the department said that the so-called “snowy” mooncakes - which have pastry comprised of cooked glutenous flour – are not much better, as they contain substantial amounts of fat and sugar. A healthier, yet no less delicious variation is the mooncake consisting of red bean paste and pine nuts.

The health department spokesman did add that if people only have mooncakes once a year to celebrate the festival, they do not need to be paranoid about their health.

  1. Word Definition Context in sentence Other words with
    underlined affix
    to advocate to call as in to express or support to support by argument vocation, an advocate,
    (=barrister), to revoke
    equivalent (to) equal Ans: equal equal in value Ans: equal in value equidistant Ans: equidistant
    chronic time Ans: time time Ans: illness over a period of time chronological, synchronise Ans: chronological, synchronise
    hypertension excessive Ans: excessive high blood pressure Ans: high blood pressure hyperactive, hypermarket Ans: hyperactive, hypermarket
    a delicacy pleasurable Ans: pleasurable rare/expensive food Ans: rare/expensive food delicious Ans: delicious
    to be comprised of to contain, include Ans: to contain, include consists of Ans: consists of comprehensive Ans: comprehensive
    diabetes across Ans: across disease: too much sugar in the blood Ans: disease: too much sugar in the blood diameter Ans: diameter
    paranoid shape / form Ans: shape / form belief that people want to harm you Ans: belief that people want to harm you cuboid, spheroid Ans: cuboid, spheroid
    Once you have finished, click on the Check button below and your results will be displayed.
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