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Have you ever wondered how or why some videos on You Tube and the Internet are viewed millions of times while others hardly receive any views at all? Watch and listen to the videos and talks in this fun and captivating activity to learn some possible theories about why some videos ‘go viral’, and how you may substantially increase the number of viewers your videos receive.  




Task A1, Comprehension Multi-select Questions

Without looking at the audio script, watch and listen to the video as many times as you like.

Video 1 - Kevin Allocca: Why videos go viral

Video ©TED.com
Source: http://www.ted.com/talks/kevin_allocca_why_videos_go_viral.html

Task A2, Short Answer Comprehension Questions

Without looking at the audio script, watch and listen to Video 1 as many times as you like.

Task A3, Matching Numbers with Events

Watch and listen to Video 1 as many times as you like.

Task A4, Vocabulary Revision activities

Complete as many of the revision activities and games as you like:


Task B1, Understanding Vocabulary MC Questions

Listen to the audio recording as many times as you like.

Video 2 - Charlie Bit My Finger - Again!

Video ©HDCYT (youtube.com)
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=_OBlgSz8sSM

Recorded by James Michael Francis King, Written by Jonah Lehrer

Task B2, Sentence Completion Matching Exercise

Listen to the audio recording as many times as you like.

Task B3, Vocabulary Revision activities

Complete as many of the revision activities and games as you like:


Task C1: News Report: Cell Phone Addiction on the Rise

Watch and listen to What Makes A Video Go Viral? by Director Ross Ching as many times as you like.

Video 3 - What Makes A Video Go Viral? (by Director Ross Ching)

Video ©Thrash Lab (youtube.com)
Source: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RJn6CULS71Q

Kevin Allocca: Why videos go viral

Kevin Allocca: Hi. I'm Kevin Allocca, I'm the trends manager at YouTube, and I professionally watch YouTube videos. It's true. So we're going to talk a little bit today about how videos go viral and then why that even matters. 

We all want to be stars -- celebrities, singers, comedians --and when I was younger, that seemed so very, very hard to do. But now Web video has made it so that any of us or any of the creative things that we do can become completely famous and a part of our world's culture. I mean, any one of you could be famous on the Internet by next Saturday. But there are over 48 hours of video uploaded to YouTube every minute. And of that, only a tiny percentage ever goes viral and gets tons of views and becomes a cultural moment. So, how does it happen? Three things: tastemakers, communities of participation and unexpectedness. All right, let's go.
(Video) Bear Vasquez: Oh, my God. Oh, my God. Oh, my God! Wooo! Ohhhhh, wowwww!
Kevin Allocca: Last year, Bear Vasquez posted this video that he had shot outside his home in Yosemite National Park. In 2010, it was viewed 23 million times. (Laughter) This is a chart of what it looked like when it first became popular last summer. But he didn't actually set out to make a viral video, Bear. He just wanted to share a rainbow. Because that's what you do when your name is Yosemite Mountain Bear. (Laughter) And he had posted lots of nature videos in fact. And this video had actually been posted all the way back in January. So what happened here? Jimmy Kimmel actually. Jimmy Kimmel posted this tweet that would eventually propel the video to be as popular as it would become. Because tastemakers like Jimmy Kimmel introduce us to new and interesting things and bring them to a larger audience.
(Video) Rebecca Black: ♫ It's Friday, Friday. Gotta get down on Friday. ♫ ♫ Everybody's looking forward to the weekend, weekend. ♫ ♫ Friday, Friday. Gettin' down on Friday. ♫
Kevin Allocca: So you didn't think that we could actually have this conversation without talking about this video I hope. Rebecca Black's "Friday" is one of the most popular videos of the year. It's been seen nearly 200 million times this year. This is a chart of what it looked like. And similar to "Double Rainbow," it seems to have just sprouted up out of nowhere.

So what happened on this day? Well it was a Friday, this is true. And if you're wondering about those other spikes, those are also Fridays. (Laughter) But what about this day, this one particular Friday? Well Tosh.0 picked it up, a lot of blogs starting writing about it. Michael J. Nelson from Mystery Science Theater was one of the first people to post a joke about the video on Twitter. But what's important is that an individual or a group of tastemakers took a point of view and they shared that with a larger audience, accelerating the process. And so then this community formed of people who shared this big inside joke and they started talking about it and doing things with it. And now there are 10,000 parodies of "Friday" on YouTube. Even in the first seven days, there was one parody for every other day of the week. (Laughter) 

Unlike the one-way entertainment of the 20th century, this community participation is how we become a part of the phenomenon -- either by spreading it or by doing something new with it.
(Music) So "Nyan Cat" is a looped animation with looped music. It's this, just like this. It's been viewed nearly 50 million times this year. 
Kevin Allocca: And if you think that that is weird, you should know that there is a three-hour version of this that's been viewed four million times. (Laughter) Even cats were watching this video. (Laughter) Cats were watching other cats watch this video. (Laughter) All right. But what's important here, what's important here is the creativity that it inspired amongst this techie, geeky Internet culture. There were remixes. (Laughter) Someone made an old timey version. (Laughter) And then it went international. (Laughter) An entire remix community sprouted up that brought it from being just a stupid joke to something that we can all actually be a part of. Because we don't just enjoy now, we participate.

And who could have predicted any of this? Who could have predicted "Double Rainbow" or Rebecca Black or "Nyan Cat?" What scripts could you have written that would have contained this in it? In a world where over two days of video get uploaded every minute, only that which is truly unique and unexpected can stand out in the way that these things have.

When a friend of mine told me that I needed to see this great video about a guy protesting bicycle fines in New York City, I admit I wasn't very interested.
(Video) Casey Niestat: So I got a ticket for not riding in the bike lane, but often there are obstructions that keep you from properly riding in the bike lane. (Laughter)
Kevin Allocca: By being totally surprising and humorous, Casey Niestat got his funny idea and point seen five million times. And so this approach holds for anything new that we do creatively. And so it all brings us to one big question ...
(Video) Bear Vasquez: What does this mean? Ohhhh. (Laughter)
Kevin Allocca: What does it mean? Tastemakers, creative participating communities, complete unexpectedness, these are characteristics of a new kind of media and a new kind of culture where anyone has access and the audience defines the popularity. I mean, as mentioned earlier, one of the biggest stars in the world right now, Justin Bieber, got his start on YouTube. No one has to green-light your idea. And we all now feel some ownership in our own pop culture. And these are not characteristics of old media, and they're barely true of the media of today, but they will define the entertainment of the future. Thank you. (Applause)

Watch this video called Charlie Bit MY Finger - Again

Why Do Viral Videos Go Viral?


It’s one of the most popular online videos ever produced, having been viewed 355 million times on YouTube. At first glance, it’s hard to understand why the clip is so famous, since nothing much happens. Two little boys, Charlie and Harry, are sitting in a chair when Charlie, the younger brother, mischievously bites Harry’s finger. There’s a shriek and then a laugh. The clip is called “Charlie Bit My Finger—Again!”

Why has this footage gone viral? The answer, according to a new study by Jonah Berger, an assistant professor at the University of Pennsylvania’s Wharton School, has to do with the visceral emotions it arouses in viewers.

Here’s the thing about Harry and Charlie—they are incredibly expressive kids. In the span of 56 seconds, we see their faces go from anticipation to agony to laughter. Just when we’re worried that Harry might actually be hurt, he breaks out in a wide smile. The relief is palpable, the delight infectious. (Harry’s adorable British accent doesn’t hurt, either.)

Mr. Berger argues that the popularity of such videos is rooted in the way they excite the body, inducing a spectrum of physiological changes. When we watch Harry and Charlie, we briefly enter into a state of “high arousal,” as the autonomic nervous system mirrors the flurry of feelings on-screen. Our heart rate increases and sweat glands open; the body prepares for action. These are the same physical changes that occur when we encounter strongly emotional content, from a scary movie to a sappy love poem.

In his study, Mr. Berger demonstrates that such states of arousal make people far more likely to share information. “Levels of arousal spill over,” Mr. Berger says. “When people are aroused, they are much more likely to pass on information.”

In his previous work, Mr. Berger discovered that the most popular stories [being shared] were those that triggered the most arousing emotions, such as awe and anger. We don’t want to share facts - we want to share feelings.

Why does this desire exist? Decades of research in social psychology have shown that people often share strong emotions as a means of fostering connection and solidarity.

“If I’m angry, and then you get angry, we can bond over what we’re feeling,” Mr. Berger says.

The Internet reflects this ancient social instinct. The only difference is that, when we’re online, we often can’t express our emotions directly. (It’s not easy expressing genuine joy in a tweet.) Instead, we’re forced to spread arousal through short videos and articles, using the images and words of others as a proxy. “It’s difficult to communicate strong feelings when we’re not communicating face-to-face,” Mr. Berger says. “But sharing content on the Web allows us to get a parallel kind of connection.”

And this is why the online world is so biased toward arousing material. Although the Internet is often described as an infinite library of information, the most popular things online typically aren’t very informative.

Because people have a deep need to share their emotions, there will always be an insatiable demand for funny baby videos, angry political rants and Justin Bieber songs. Such content can often seem frivolous and superficial. But the content isn’t the point. The viral clip is merely a means to an end, an efficient way to tell someone else that, for a few moments at least, we’d like to feel the same thing.

Source: http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/07/why-do-viral-videos-go-viral/
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