Aim: This exercise is to help you to use contrast clauses correctly.
Don’t use but in sentences beginning with although, even though or while. Here is a common mistake:
Although Kelvin worked hard, but he failed the examination.
Though / Although [he was] hard working, Kelvin failed the examination.
You will sometimes see the word albeit used in formal English. Albeit can come before an adjective, adverb, or adverbial phrase. In the sentence below, ‘albeit rather reluctantly’ means ‘even though she did so rather reluctantly’. Click here for more examples of albeit.
Jayne participated in the charity walk, albeit rather reluctantly.
You can also use despite or in spite of to make a contrast. These are followed by either a noun phrase or an ‘ing’ form.
Despite working hard, Kelvin failed the examination.
In spite of his hard work, Kelvin failed the examination.
This sentence is incorrect:
Despite he worked hard, Kelvin failed the examination.
If you want to follow despite or in spite of with a clause you must add the fact that.
Despite the fact that he worked hard, Kelvin failed the examination.
The word yet has many meanings. One of these is a similar meaning to but, although it expresses more surprise about something unexpected. It can come between adjectives, adverbs or clauses. For example:
He was poor yet generous.
He worked slowly yet effectively.
He loved animals, yet he hated snakes.
Choose the correct word(s) from the drop-down lists:
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hits since 21 September 2004.